exhibition & design

Mekong  / Research


To be continued …


Re/Collecting / Thesis / Exhibition





The exhibition took place under the rooftop greenhouse (or the 12th floor) at the Schermerhorn Building on campus. The greenhouse situates right above the Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, with Department of Anthropology and Department of Art History on the lower floors. The exhibition opening was on April 28th, 2018, and opened daily from April 30th to May 9th, 2018.

The materials attached in the appendix include a poster, a handout with a short statement, with photographs of the exhibition itself. As an appendix, the thesis exhibition functions as an initiation for future actions. Particular objects included are prints of maps, illustration plates, photographs and research documents.

Given a slice of space in the greenhouse, the exhibition suggests an articulation of the existing space, via delineation and attachment. It takes form of two facing panels and displays visual materials over two historical times. Corresponding to the two chapters in the written thesis, the two fields of images also suggested a travel from one to the other. They thus create a contrast and engender a dialogue in between two historical times. One side shows Fitch’s plates of plants from Hooker’s Eastern Himalayan expedition; The other shows photographs from the later naturalist Wilson’s expeditions.[1] Echoing how naturalists mounting plant photographs in plastic specimen bags onto walls nowadays, the images in the exhibition are hang in a similar way. The illustrations and photographs thus leave the viewers to discover the discrepancies and particularities on the images across, and challenge the roles of photographs, as both science objects and artworks displayed.

At the center is a “Desk of Inspections” that displays the collected materials. It is a direct response to the various materials engaged, while consolidating and reorganizing enchanted actors of nature expeditions. The exhibition displays the materials collected from these expeditions and uses herbarium sheets as the medium of focus. Central for botanical science, the specimen sheets also consolidate, organize, and distribute the materials of this thesis. The descriptions on these herbarium sheets were kept short and concise, in service for a botanical language.

[1] This is limited by the resolution of the photographs obtained. Only Wilson’s photographs could be reprinted without losing resolutions. Forrest and Kingdon-Ward’s photographs are displayed on the center desk.


Exhibition Statement:

Nature expeditions, as ambitious scientific endeavors effused with enlightening overtone, are often not innocent in their underlining implications. This exhibition explores the changing scientific epistemologies in Botany from these expeditions, and traces the changing qualities of the materials involved, from the elaborately illustrated drawings of plants to the mechanically produced photographs. The two fields of images displayed here show the changing documenting tools for naturalists over two historical times: from illustrations of the earlier period to the photographs that came later. These materials engaged in the seed-collecting expeditions disclosed the naturalists’ two different mentalities.

Situates in between the two fields is a herbarium working desk that shows an inspection scene of the Herbarium of the Eastern Himalayas Botanical Expeditions. Specimens are consolidated from the expeditions of the four (and many more) naturalists: late-nineteenth-century naturalist Joseph Dalton Hooker’s Himalayan Expeditions (1847-1851), early-twentieth-century naturalist Ernest Henry Wilson (1899-1911), George Forrest (1904-1905, 1910, 1912-1915, 1917-1920, 1921-1923, 1924-1925, 1930-1931) and Frank Kingdon-Ward (1911-1914, 1921-1922, 1930-1931, 1933, 1947), with the emergence of other male and female native collectors along the way. In the name of science and research, these specimens are now allowed to be re-inspected.


Territories of Tidalectics / Drawings & Booklet

2017 Spring


Click on image to locate project page …


Imagined Lands: Dispossesion of Bedouins in Jordan / Mapping 





The common portrail of desserts are arid, deserted lands. For the Bedouins, dessert is the habitat. As Naomi Klein says, “violence follow the devoid of water”. In Jordan, due to its devastating water shortages, indigenous people who live on the land has been in the past few decades considered as a threat to the local environment by state institutions and organizations like UNESCO, who argued that it was to their tradition of grazing that continued for hundreds and thousands of years.

Under institutional reconstruction and reconstitution as such, the de nition of a broader idea of the “habitat”, and its particular form near the studied site. Violence in Jordan takes a very different form. Being on the fringe of Jordanian society, the Bedouins have being portrayed as exotic, and were thought of embodying the ethnic belongingness of Jordanians, and were thus subjected to keep their traditional way of living.

Even appear awkwardly anachronistic, contemporary Bedouins either unconsciously subjected to or intensionally maintaining an image of living in a different time. This image, however, has also been carefully preserved by the tourist industry in Jordan. The two sites (Wadi Rum and Petra) take shape on different forms of “nomadic” and “sedentary” status of the Bedouins. It is highly in uenced by universal productions and processes of tourism, but also highly particular, due to the theoretical principles describing the nomadic life styles have already taking different shapes on site.



Loft Command as Form-Making / Architectural Study / Design / Drawing






Formal experiment through three case studies:

  1. Le Corbusier, Paul Otlet: The Mundaneum + The Cité Mondiale;
  2. Toyo Ito: Mama Art University Library;
  3. Alva Alto: Seinajoki City Library.


Design Proposal:





Extended Project: Library as Site for Homeless Activism:

activism 3


The representation project is an intervention to the section of the studio library project. It intends to provide a stragegy for activists who have no home and thus live in vans. The section is thus a map that provides methods to hijack the library with domestic and demonstrating objects.



Clock of Schedules, or a Machine of Manipulation / Installation


The architecture and the device measures the day with slices, linking together time, space and the machine of the social. Each slice dissects an hour of working time as well as vertical spatial experience. In this metaphor, a working man descends from the top of the architecture, constantly pushed by the spatial machine. He passes, runs, disappearing and reappearing from the facade over an designed linear route, unaware, exhausted, and never stops. He is the manipulated man.





The Utopian Device and Weather Phenomenon / Installation


基本 RGB


Unlike South Pole, North Pole is located in the middle of the Arctic Ocean amid waters that are almost permanently covered with constantly shifting sea ice, with low human occupancy and desolated landscape.This make it impractical to construct a permanent station at the North Pole. It is also among one of the most arid places on the earth that has the lowest human occupancy. On the other side of the world, people hear its story via literature, newspaper, and beautiful words from poets’ hands. We admire its both purity and wilderness through photographs through media, checking up voyages outing there and dreaming about setting out a journey one day… People are trying all the way to reach it and demystify. Since 1937, the Soviet Union, and later Russia, have constructed a number of manned drifting stations on a generally annual basis, some of which have passed over or very close to the pole. However, the polar north landscape, are largely composed of the shifting ice bergs, which are large pieces of freshwater ice that has broken off a glacier floating freely in open water, never stay the same. Its transient state and massive energy flow making recording its oceanographic data hard to accomplish. Within different seasons through out the year, they freeze, cluster together especially in the Winter, and melt, disperse when Summer comes, thus limiting the passing ability of both cargoes and buoys used as drifting meteorology stations within the area. Then came the new type of transmitters called CTD-fluoro-SRDLs. These unique satellite tags, often 11 x 7 x 4cm in size, are attached to ringed seals, and provide all of the“standard” information, measure and transmit oceanographic data (salinity and temperature with a high level of precision) in the air. The ringed seals that were tagged have moved far into the northern north measuring temperatures and salinities change with depth, often in ice-filled waters as the autumn and winter. The ringed seals are now routinely sending large quantities of near-real-time information via form of data beams with time intervals underwa- ter. The data collected by the ringed seals is placed online, where the British Oceanographic Data Centre picks it up each morning and sent to the met office. From here the oceanographic data collected by our ringed seals are picked up by operational forecasting centers around the world. It seems easy for us to get weather information at hand. However, the north pole we perceive, is not how it really is. Dumping into tons of informations everyday, we are unintentionally absorbing ”revised” messages and the north pole we recognize is only different ”versions” differentiate within each of us. The installation reconstructs the northern icebergs and ocean in a way that we can not see in common, which is another dimension of the real world reaching out to the further north.




Meteorological Imagination: Weather Observatory in Tai Mo Shan, Hong Kong

 / Installation


The installation is a hypothesis for a device that connects, reacts to, and reflects weather. It focuses on spaces of gathering. Under the weather condition in Tai Mo Shan, Hong Kong, the device also functions as a meteorological observatory. For a picnic, food, drinks, and a folded fabric are packed together before setting off; On the campsite, the unpacking of the fabric in turn forms a common space. Meanwhile, the processes that fascilitate eating and socializing also reconfigured into a device that observes weather phenomenons.











Open Mine Pit Regeneration

 / Installation





mining landscape_renderMiyun, Beijing, China. The mining site was seriously exploited over the years, causing countless environmental problems, both to the land and the air. The proposal transforms the site into sunken gardens through sculpturing existing slope conditions, using plants as the strategy to prevent future pollution and to heal the land. The aim is to create a self-regeneration system which will attract species and eventually develop into a new bio- system.


           unlike     previous     lines,     this     one     does    not    belong    to    any    content     . . .      whatsoever